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Asian Americans in the Korean War

Background: World War II

Substantial numbers of Asian Americans served in America's armed forces during World War II, but the total number is unknown. Some 25,000 Japanese Americans had proved their loyalty in uniform. More than 6,000 Nisei (first-generation, American-born Japanese) trained as interpreters and translators at the Army's Military Intelligence Service (MIS) Language School in Minnesota and 3,700 MIS linguists served in combat. The U.S. Army's 442d Regimental Combat Team (RCT), comprised of about 4,500 Japanese Americans, fought heroically in Italy and Central Europe. The unit received more than 18,000 individual decorations and seven Presidential Unit Citations. More than 20,000 Chinese Americans served in the armed forces, many as integrated members of Army units. Smaller numbers of Filipino Americans and Korean Americans formed small units for the nation's war effort.

 

Sources
Boston Publishing, eds. Above and Beyond: A History of the Medal of Honor from the Civil War to Vietnam (1985)
Gall, Susan, editor. The Asian American Almanac (1995)
Jordan, Kenneth N., Sr. Forgotten Heroes: 131 Men of the Korean War Awarded the Medal of Honor 1950-1953 (1995)
Kim, Elaine H. and Eui-Young Yu. East to America: Korean American Life (1996)
Military Intelligence Service Association of Northern California and the National Japanese American Historical Society. The Pacific War and Peace: Americans of Japanese Ancestry in the Military Intelligence Service, 1941-1952 (1991)
MIS Northwest Association. Unsung Heroes: The Military Intelligence Service: Past-Present-Future (1996)
Military Order of the Purple Heart editorial staff. The Legacy of the Purple Heart (1987)
Niiya, Brian, ed. Japanese American History: An A-to-Z Reference from 1868 to the Present (1993)
Patterson, Wayne and Kim Hyung-chan. Koreans in America (1992)
U.S. Congress, Senate, Committee on Veterans' Affairs. Medal of Honor Recipients, 1863-1973 93d Congress, 1st session, 1973, Committee Print 15
Wilson, Arthur W., ed. Korean Vignettes: Face of War. 201 Veterans of the Korean War Recall that Forgotten War (1996)

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